Tuesday, November 1, 2011

Challenges of 7-Billion World Population

A newly born baby girl named Danica Camacho, one of a number of children chosen to be the world's symbolic seven billionth baby, lies on the chest of her mother Camille in Fabella Maternity hospital in Manila, Philippines,

MANILA, Philippines — There will be seven billion people sharing Earth’s land and other resources by October 31, 2011, according to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).
UNFPA is leading a global campaign to build awareness on the opportunities and challenges of a world of seven billion people, to be launched on October 31, 2011 – “7 Billion Day” – when it will also release its annual State of World Population report, titled “People and Possibilities in a World of 7 Billion.”
“This unique moment in human history, when the world’s population will top seven billion people, represents both an achievement and a challenge, and will have an impact on every single person on the planet.
A world of seven billion has implications of sustainability, urbanization, access to health services, and youth empowerment,” says UNFPA, whose three core areas are reproductive health, gender equality, and population and development strategies.
The campaign, which will extend to 2012, will focus on seven areas of concern – poverty and inequality, women and girls empowerment, reproductive health and rights, young people, the ageing population, environment, and urbanization.
On July 11, 1987, the global population stood at five billion. In just 20 years, the global population registers a growth of 40 percent, and it has doubled since 1968. On July 11, 2011, the UN launched “7 Billion Actions,” a global initiative bringing together governments, businesses, the media, and individuals to confront the challenges and seize the opportunities offered by world population.
“7 Billion Actions” is addressing the following issues: Breaking the cycle of poverty and inequality to help slow population growth; Engaging young people to transform global politics and culture; Protecting reproductive health and rights to ensure that every child is wanted and every birth is safe; Planning for an increasingly urban planet as the next two billion people will live in cities; and, Planning for an aging population as population growth slows.
The United Nations expects the population to keep growing until the middle of the century, despite dramatic declines in fertility rates around the world. The vast majority of population growth is in the developing world.

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